Kabbadi: The Game of Tamil Nadu, South India

Kabaddi is a game that originated in Tamil Nadu, India. It is a popular game and demands great physical fitness. The game is more than 1000 years old. No surprise, this game is now in the Asian games. Soon will become a Olympic game.

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Kabbadi: The Game of Tamil Nadu, South India

About Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு “Country of the Tamils”) is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai was formerly known as Madras. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by Puducherry (Pondicherry), Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.  Tamil Nadu has a long tradition of venerable culture. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, music and dance which continue to flourish today. Kabaddi is the state game of Tamil Nadu.

Origin of Kabaddi

Kabaddi is a team sport that originated in Tamil Nadu. A folk history of the game tells that it developed from a game of tag between two young boys – the rule of holding one’s breath being added later. The game is known by many names, all of Tamil origin: Kabaddi, Sadugudu, Gudugudu, Palinjadugudu and Sadugoodatthi. The word ‘Kabaddi’ could have originated from the Tamil words ‘kai’ (hand) and ‘pidi’ (catch).

Kabaddi is now a part of the Asian Games.

How is Kabaddi Played?

Two teams occupy opposite halves of a field and take turns sending a “raider” into the other half, in order to win points by tagging or wrestling members of the opposing team; the raider then tries to return to his own half, holding his breath during the whole raid.

Rules of Kabaddi


  • Two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 12.5m × 10m (roughly half the size of a basketball court).
  • Each has five supplementary players held in reserve.
  • The game is in 20-minute halves, with a five-minute half-time break during which the teams switch sides.
  • Teams take turns sending a “raider” to the opposite team’s half, where the goal is to tag or confine members of the opposite team before returning to the home half. Tagged members are “out” and sent off the field.
  • Meanwhile, defenders must form a chain, for example, by linking hands; if the chain is broken, a member of the defending team is sent off.
  • The goal of the defenders is to stop the raider returning to the home side before taking a breath. If the raider takes a breath before returning, the raider is sent off the field.
  • A player can also get out by going over a boundary line or part of the body touches the ground outside the boundary, except during a struggle with an opposing team member.
  • Each time a player is out the opposing team earns a point. A team scores a bonus of two points, called a lona, if the entire opposing team is declared out. At the end of the game, the team with the most points wins.
  • Matches are staged on age and weight. A referee, two umpires, a scorer and two assistant scorers are the six officials, who supervise the match.


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  1. Posted November 15, 2009 at 9:16 am

    A good post.

  2. Posted November 15, 2009 at 9:57 am

    awesome game…

  3. Posted November 15, 2009 at 11:26 am

    Though I am not much into sports, good and interesting write.

  4. Posted December 14, 2009 at 2:46 am

    Nice information :-)

  5. Posted November 2, 2010 at 12:36 am

    very good information

  6. girishankar
    Posted September 22, 2012 at 4:18 am

    good good …………….

  7. SOBHA
    Posted January 1, 2013 at 8:44 am


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