The Coldblood Types of Horses

The coldblood breeds are huge, calm and very gentle hores. They have been around for thousands of years. Some of them carried the knights into battle.

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Coldblood breeds of horses are large, heavy and very strong.  Many of them have been around for thousands of years.  They were bred for farm work and pulling heavy loads.  Coldblood horses are calm and gentle.

The Ardennais is a heavy draft horse that was bred in the Ardennes region, on the borders of France and Belgium, for hundreds of years.  They are probably descended from the medieval war-horse.  In the 1800s the Ardennais developed into two main types.  They were the massive farm horse and the lightweight horse.

The Boulonnais comes from the area around Boulogne in northeast France.  There were two types of Boulonnais bred.  They were the heavy farm horse and the other was a lighter, faster horse called a mareyeur.  This horse was used to transport fish from the coast of France.

The Boulonnais is such an elegant looking horse because of their Arabian and Barb ancestors.  They are usually gray but can be black, roan, bay or chestnut.  They are a large horse standing 16 to 17 hands.  They can move faster than most heavy horses.

The Percheron is a powerful breed that comes from La Perche, in northern France.  Its ancestors carried knights who wore heavy armor.  In the 1700s the Percheron was crossed with the Arabian, and this gave it a greater quality and better action. These horses do not have feathers on their legs which was a great advantage for them working in the fields.

On of the tallest horse that ever lived was a Percheron who was said to be 21 hands tall.  They are more elegant in appearance, lower action, and have a finer head than most heavy breeds because of their Arabian blood.

The Suffolk is often called the Suffolk Punch and it is the most purebred of all the Great Britain’s heavy horses.  All Suffolk’s are descended from one stallion called the Horse of Ufford, who was born in 1768.  The Suffolk is stocky, with short legs, and is always a chestnut.  Some Suffolk’s are used for farm work but most of them are seen in the show ring.

The Suffolk was bred to work on farms in eastern England.  They do not have feathers on their legs and is an advantage, as it means the heavy clay soil does not stick to them.  Suffolk’s do not need a lot of food, which makes them inexpensive to keep.

The Shire is tall and extremely strong.  The Shire is probably the heaviest of England’s heavy horses.  It can weigh up to 2,700 p0ounds and can stand 17.2 hands.  These horses often worked on farms.  Many brewers used the Shire to pull carts called drays to deliver beer.

In medieval times the Shire was used by the knights in armor who could weigh 420 pounds.  They were also used on farms and they had great pulling power.

The Clydesdale is related to the Shire but is lighter build.  The Clydesdale comes from Scotland where it was a farm horse.  Later it was used in different types of transportation such as pulling coal wagons.  Now the Clydesdale is seen at shows and pulling contests.  It is also crossed with the Thoroughbred to produce heavyweight riding horses.

Clydesdales are usually bay, brown, black or roan.  They often have white markings that start at their feet and go right up the legs.  Their face could also have a lot of white.  They stand 16.2 to 17 hands.

The Belgian Draft is an ancient breed that dates back to Roman times and is also known as the Brabant and Brabancon.  The Belgian Drafts ancestors were warhorses, and they helped create the Shire, Clydesdale and possibly the Suffolk.  The breeding of Belgian Drafts was carefully controlled to produce an impressive horse.

The Noriker horse from Austria dates back to the 1,00s.  Its name comes from the word Noricum, which was a Roman province situated where Austria is now.  The Noriker is related to the Haflinger and was bred to work on farms and in the forests of the Austrian Alps.  They are strong, hardworking and easy to handle.

The Friesian is from the Netherlands and was the mount of the German and Friesian knights during the Crusades.  It was used for farm work and in the 1800s for trotting aces.  Friesians are still ridden, but they are used mostly as carriage horses.  They are black and often used for funerals.

Dutch Draught is believed to be the most massively built of all European heavy draft horses.  It was developed in the late 1800s and early 1900s from, the Ardennais and native horses.

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